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Orthodontics

Introduction

Orthodontics is a specialist branch of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of dental irregularities such as crooked, crowded, protruding teeth and poor jaw alignment. Its aim is to produce a healthy, functional bite, and improving personal appearance. Orthodontists can also help you maintain a good bite so you could chew and speak comfortably.

The name comes from a Greek word that literally means “to straighten teeth”.

Orthodontic treatment may also be carried out in partnership with your dentist to correct the position of teeth before provision of dental restorations such as implants or crowns and bridges.

With the improved appearance of modern cosmetic braces, an increasing number of adults are choosing orthodontic treatment. Cosmetic appliances which are less conspicuous are available and include clear (tooth coloured) fixed appliances, “invisible” removable aligners, or completely “invisible” or “hidden” (lingual) appliances. Recent innovations have led to the development of low friction braces (e.g.Damon and Invisalign) that can align the teeth more quickly, comfortably and usually without the need for extractions, even when there is a severe crowding problem. These braces are available for both adults and children.

Our specialist Orthodontists using latest technological advancements can help straighten teeth and correct the alignment of the jaws – thus enhancing your oral health, your overall appearance and your self-esteem.

Orthodontic problems


Most of the time, having crooked teeth or a malocclusion (bad bite) can be traced to genetics. Tooth and jaw problems could also be a result of accidents, cavities, premature loss of baby teeth and certain habits like thumb sucking. Below are examples of some common orthodontic problems in teens and adults. If you think you have one of these orthodontic problems, make an appointment to see an orthodontist to find out how the problem can be corrected.

Orthodontic Problem
Description
What it looks like?

1. Large Overbite

Excessive horizontal overlap of the front teeth

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2. Underbite
Lower front teeth biting in front of the upper front teeth.
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3. Front Crossbite
Lower front teeth biting in front of the upper front teeth. This can involve two teeth or groups of teeth.
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4. Back Crossbite
Upper back teeth biting inside of lower back teeth. This can involve two teeth or groups of teeth.

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5. Open Bite
No overlap of the upper and lower front teeth when biting
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6. Deep Bite
Excessive vertical overlap of the upper and lower front teeth when biting.
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7. Crooked Teeth
Misalignment of teeth caused by lack of space

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8. Spacing
Spacing between teeth usually caused by small or missing teeth or a strong tongue pushing the teeth forward.
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9. Missing Teeth
In some patients, some adult teeth never develop. The most common missing teeth are the lower second premolars (directly in front of the first permanent molars), upper lateral incisors, and third molars (wisdom teeth).
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10. Habits
Thumbsucking, fingersucking, tongue sucking, tongue thrusting, and nail biting can lead to problems such as open bites and large “overbites.”

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Types of Braces

Today’s orthodontics offer more kinds of braces than ever before. At Wassan Dental Specialty center you are provided with a variety of options to suit your convenience and aesthetic considerations.

Metal braces / Traditional braces

These are the metal brackets and wires that most people picture when they hear the word “braces.” However, modern brackets are smaller and less noticeable than the notorious “metal-mouth” braces than many adults remember. Plus, new heat-activated archwires use your body heat to help teeth move more quickly and less painfully than in the past.

Pros: Least expensive type; colored bands give kids a chance to express themselves
Cons: Most noticeable type of braces

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Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clear brackets that blend in to teeth. Some even use tooth-colored wires to be even less noticeable.

Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners (Invisalign)
Cons: More expensive than metal braces; Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well

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Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are the same as traditional metal braces, except that the brackets and wires are placed on the inside of teeth.

Pros: Invisible from outside
Cons: Difficult to clean; more expensive; not appropriate for severe cases; can be more uncomfortable at first; regular adjustments take longer and are more difficult than with traditional braces

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Invisalign (Aligners)

Invisalign consists of a series of 18 to 30 custom-made, mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners. The aligners are removable and are replaced every 2 weeks.

Pros: Almost invisible; Patients can eat and drink whatever they want
Cons: Will not work for serious dental problems; only available for adults and teens, not children; more expensive option; can be easily lost and costly to replace; treatment may potentially take longer.

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Self-ligating braces

Damon Q

In an effort to provide our patients with the very latest in orthodontics, we are proud to offer new Damon® Q braces: the all-new, all-metal, self-ligating braces system that goes above and beyond to increase patient comfort and reduce overall treatment time while straightening your teeth.

Damon® Q represents the latest advances to the revolutionary Damon® self-ligating braces system, featuring brackets made entirely of high-grade stainless steel, making them strong and extremely durable.
If you want a beautiful smile with the least amount of treatment time, please contact us for more information on the latest revolution in self-ligating braces: Damon® Q!

Damon Clear

Damon Clear combines clinically proven low-friction benefits of self-ligation technology with the aesthetically pleasing look all patients’ desire. The result of this innovative union is a crystal-clear appliance that surpasses expectations in both appearance and functionality. Created with patient comfort in mind, Damon Clear is also sturdy and impervious to discoloration. All Damon brackets are custom fit for greater reliability. Schedule a consultation today to see if Damon Clear is the solution for you.

Custom Braces (Insignia)

Insignia is a fully customized bracket system with an exact calculated per-tooth prescription for every single tooth’s anatomy, bracket placement and final tooth position. With unmatched innovation, this entire system is designed to deliver faster results with fewer visits. With unmatched innovation, this entire system is designed to deliver faster results with fewer visits (37% less treatment time, 7 fewer office visits on average and treatment in 12-14 months on average according to a recent research)

Ingredients of a Greatsmile

A smile is often the first thing people notice. And while you may think you know a great smile when you see it, did you know that quite a number of factors go into making a perfect, beautiful smile?

A smile is often the first thing people notice. And while you may think you know a great smile when you see it, did you know that quite a number of factors go into making a perfect, beautiful smile?

Here is the science behind great smile

Orthodontic Problem

Description

What it looks like?

1. Broad Smile with No “Dark Triangles”

Full smiles display more teeth and have minimal dark space at the corners.

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2. Upright Teeth

Teeth should not tip inward or flare outward. The teeth should sit perfectly upright within the mouth.

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3. Minimal Gingival Display

An ideal smile shows minimal gingiva (“gums”)

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Right age for braces

Right age for braces

It’s advisable to get an orthodontic evaluation by the time a child is 7 years old. The best time for your child to get dental braces depends on the severity and the cause of the misalignment of your child’s teeth.

Traditionally, treatment with dental braces begins when a child has lost most of his or her baby (primary) teeth, and a majority of his or her adult (permanent) teeth have grown in — usually between the ages of 8 and 14.

Orthodontic Treatment for Adults

With the advancement in dentistry, now there are non-invasive method for adults who want to look younger which will provide more dramatic results than “invisible” aligners.

Wassan Dental Specialty Centerused Damon System BraceLift™ – many adults see a noticeable change not just in their teeth, but in their entire face. A full smile with better facial balance and aesthetics for a more youthful look.
The Damon System is based on a unique treatment philosophy that goes beyond straight teeth. Damon Doctors are trained to take the whole patient into account: the shape of your face, your profile, what you will look like into your 40s, 50s… and beyond.

Many people see a noticeable change not just in their teeth, but in their entire face. They call it the Damon System Bracelift™—and it produces:

    • A fuller, wider smile
    • Better facial balance and aesthetics
    • Smoother cheek contours which make narrow smiles look fuller and more inviting
    • Fewer dark triangles within the corners of your mouth
    • Straighter, less crowded & crooked teeth
    • Improved profiles…for a more youthful look at any age!

Many patients begin to see these dramatic results in as little as 10 weeks.

Retention

Once the active period is completed, your braces are removed. The next step is called retention. Retainers are utilized to hold your teeth in their new positions until your bone, gums, and muscles adapt to the new teeth positions. You must wear your retainer as instructed, otherwise your teeth may move toward their original positions and the benefit of wearing your braces will be lost.

Our doctors will determine how long you need to wear your retainer. Time varies with each patient. Some people may need retainers for an extended period of time in order to eliminate shifting of the teeth. In some cases, permanent retention may be necessary.

The retention period is an important part of your overall treatment and should not be neglected!

1. Broad Smile with No “Dark Triangles”

Full smiles display more teeth and have minimal dark space at the corners.

2. Upright Teeth

Teeth should not tip inward or flare outward. The teeth should sit perfectly upright within the mouth.

3. Minimal Gingival Display

An ideal smile shows minimal gingiva (“gums”).